Oct. 7, 1909: Chief of Police to Meet with I.W.W.

Posted in Uncategorized on October 7, 2009 by egflynn2009


Tell Street Speakers of the Industrial Workers Where They May Speak But are Defied—Thirty-five of Recalcitrant Ones Placed in Jail—Order from Acting Mayor.

 Special Dispatch to the Standard.

IWWflagMissoula, Oct. 7—Even after the best efforts of the officers here, the situation in connection with the troubles of the street speakers of the Industrial Workers of the World were not bettered today and 35 prisoners, men who attempted to speak in the main center of the city, are locked in the city jail tonight.

In the absence of Mayor Logan, who has left for a trip East, Acting Mayor H. T. Wilkinson took charge of the situation today. On account of the many complaints which were made to him by the merchants in front of whose places of business the nightly gatherings take place, he instructed the chief of police to hold a conference with the leaders of the workers who are conducting the campaign here, and present requests that the speakers refrain from gathering on Higgins avenue, or on side streets one block east and west of the avenue. Outside of this zone they would be allowed to gather and speak to their hearts’ content.

This order, it was made plain, was to affect not only the Industrial Workers’ organization, but to apply as well to all other organizations and speakers.

 What They Want.

All the officers or the mayor desire is to prevent a congestion in the business district and they are in no wise attacking the Industrial Workers. Even the Salvation Army comes under this order and has not attempted to appear on the streets since it was issued.

After these features of the case were made plain to the leaders, they called a meeting and voted not to abide by the order, but to continue speaking wherever they chose. The arrest of 35 speakers followed.

So far, those arrested have simply been held over night and released in the morning, without formal charges being preferred against them.

Chief of Police Vealey stated tonight that charges will be lodged against all of those arrested tonight and that the resulting trials would, he hoped, settle the question as to whether or not the ordinance under which the officers are working can be enforced. The cases will come before Police Magistrate Small.

 –Anaconda Standard, Oct. 8, 1909

Rad more about Logan and Wilkinson here (pp. 18 and 22)


Oct. 7, 1909: Public Speaking Permitted on Side Streets

Posted in Uncategorized on October 6, 2009 by egflynn2009


Missoula Officers in Quandry [sic] as to What Disposition to Make of Thirty-five Labor Orators Who Reject Offer of Freedom—Reinforced by Hundreds of I.W.W. Enthusiasts Parade Streets.

 (Special Dispatch to the Miner.)

Missoula, Oct. 7—Thirty-five members of the Industrial Workers of the World who were arrested as public nuisances while speaking in public on the streets last night, refused to leave the jail when liberty was offered them this morning, demanding food and a jury trial afterward.

Official in Quandry [sic].

The city officials are in a quandary as to further action in the matter. Reinforced by hundreds of members of the organization the Industrial Workers of the World this evening made a big demonstration, parading along the main thoroughfares and singing their battle songs.

 Proclamation by Mayor.

The parade numbered hundreds of enthusiasts and a proclamation was issued by Mayor pro tem Wilkinson that speaking in public would be permitted on any of the side streets so long as the crowds remained one block removed from Higgins avenue.

 Order Prevails.

The mob obeyed this order in the main tonight and order has prevailed for this reason. It is related from headquarters that the present Industrial Workers of the World forces here will be augmented by hundreds yet to come from Butte, Anaconda and Spokane, and that Sunday is set apart for a big day with the Industrial Workers of the World.

 –Butte Miner, Oct. 8, 1909

Oct. 6, 1909: Missoula Police “Real Terrorists”

Posted in Uncategorized on October 5, 2009 by egflynn2009


 Butte Local Passes Resolutions Condemning Police of Missoula.

 Special to The Daily Missoulian.

 Butte, Oct. 6—The Butte Miners’ union has taken a stand denouncing the action of the police of Missoula for the arrest of Industrial Workers of the World street speakers, and the matter was up for consideration at the meeting held last night. Elizabeth Gurley Flynn made the address at the birthday celebration of Butte union, last June, and has made a number of other talks in pubic in Butte. That she should be arrested met with condemnation on the part of the committee appointed to look into the matter, and today the following resolutions were made public:

 The Resolutions.

“Butte, Mont., Oct. 5, 1909—To the Offices and Members of Butte Miners’ Union No. 1 of the W. F. of M.:

 “Whereas, It has come to our notice that some of our fellow-workers in Missoula have been beaten and thrown into jail by the Missoula officials for exercising the right guaranteed to every man, woman and child in this country by the constitution of the United States, viz., the right of free speech; and

 “Whereas, Those so-called peace officers of Missoula have, in an unguarded moment, shed their lamb-of-peace garb and stand revealed to the world as the real terrorists, who stand ready at their master’s behest to tear down that which they are pledged to uphold, and recognizing the fact that a denial or an abridgment of any constitutional right to the humblest citizens imperils the rights and liberties of the whole social body, therefore, be it

 “Resolved, That we, Butte Miners’ union No. 1 of W. F. of M., condemn the action of the Missoula officials for their un-American and unjust action in preventing men and women from speaking on the streets of Missoula., and that we pledge our fellow-workers in that town our moral support in their gallant fight for free speech; and be it further

 “Resolved, That we have these resolutions published in all the local papers and also the Missoula papers.




“P. W. FLYNN, President

“AL McLELLAN, Recording Sec’y.”

 –Daily Missoulian, Oct. 7, 1909

Oct. 6, 1909: Officer on Sick Leave

Posted in Uncategorized on October 5, 2009 by egflynn2009


Garden City Police Descend Upon Crowd of Laborites Lead by Mrs. Elizabeth Gurley Flynn Jones and Supply of Street Speech Workers is Soon Depleted

 (Special Dispatch to the Miner.)

 Missoula, Oct. 6—Mrs. Charles Fernette, lieutenant to Elizabeth Gurley Flynn Jones, leader and organizer of the Industrial Workers of the World, who was arrested last night for disturbance, was today released after a jury had been impaneled to try the woman. It was found that there was not sufficient evidence to warrant a trial.

 Woman Warned.

Mrs. Fernette was warned not to appear on the public streets again. The arrest of Mrs. Fernette last night was followed by violent scenes on the way to jail. A large and angry mob surrounded the police and made a threatening demonstration, and during the melee a number of rocks were hurled at the police.

 Stone Strikes Officer.

One stone struck Officer Hoel on the arm and as a result the policeman is out of service for several days. Tonight the crowds began to gather at an early hour and, directed by their leader, Mrs. Jones, members of the I.W.W. began to speak at West Front and Higgins avenue.

 Thirty Arrested.

The men were allowed little opportunity to display their oratorical powers and were speedily nabbed by the police. The arrests, however, continued from 7:30 to about 9:30 p.m., when the supply of orators appeared to be exhausted. At that hour the police had arrested an even 30 men and for lack of others to fill the ranks vacated by the imprisoned speakers, the big meeting broke up.

–Butte Miner, Oct. 7, 1909

Oct. 5, 1909: Crowd Sings “The Internationale”

Posted in Uncategorized on October 5, 2009 by egflynn2009


 Some 20 arrests, with a small-sized demonstration between scenes, formed the I.W.W. program yesterday. In the afternoon several members of the organization, intent upon forcing the city to give them a night’s lodging and a few days’ board, made the customary remark of “Fellow Workmen—“ and were nabbed. The arrest of one of the feminine contingent caused an unusually interesting diversion in the evening. A crowd of nearly a thousand people followed the officer with the woman to the bastile, and, standing in the jail yard, listened to a few of the visitors speak. The crowd in the jail accompanied the speakers with the hymn of the organization, set to the air of the “Marsellaise”[sic] and gave their compatriot a spirited welcome as she was locked up.

 –The Daily Missoulian, Oct. 6, 1909

Oct. 5, 1909: Officer Hit with Rock

Posted in Uncategorized on October 5, 2009 by egflynn2009



 More trouble for the officers at Missoula to deal with.

 Effort to stop speakers meets with resistance.

 Special Dispatch to the Standard.

 Missoula, Oct. 6—The dismissal of the case of Elizabeth Gurley Flynn in the police court this afternoon, the arrest this evening of her female assistant, Mrs. Franett, and about 20 more volunteer speakers, and the first act of violence offered by either the organizers or their sympathizers, marked the developments in Missoula today of the attempts of the officers to control the movements of the representatives of the Industrial Workers of the World, who began operations there a little more than a week ago.

 It was during the arrest of Mrs. Franett that someone in the crowd, which followed her as she was being escorted to the county jail, hurled a rock with struck a policeman on the arm.

 Crowd Follows Officers.

 There were more than 100 men in the bunch which followed the officers to the very jail door, demanding the release of the woman, and in the darkness the person who threw the missile could not be seen and no one was arrested.

 Elizabeth Gurley Flynn conducted the meeting in the hall tonight and left the street speaking in the hands of Mrs. Franett. The latter was arrested shortly after beginning an address and will spend the night, at least, in jail.

 It is understood that appeals were made by wire tonight to the members [remaining text missing.]

 –Anaconda Standard, Oct. 6, 1909

Oct. 4, 1909: Jail “Filthy, Dirty Hole”

Posted in Uncategorized on October 4, 2009 by egflynn2009


Socialist leader relates thrilling tale to Spokane newspaper.

Riding the rods and the blinds, occupying the available empties, members of the Industrial Workers of the World from Portland and Seattle are said to be making their way toward Missoula in large numbers for the purpose of going to jail.

According to reports from the Montana town this morning, eight of the labor propagandists were jailed there last night for street speaking. Among the number was the organizer, Girley [sic] Flynn, who has on different occasions given addresses in Spokane.

“There are 100 men now en route from Seattle and about as many from Portland headed for Missoula to help Girley [sic] Flynn in her fight for free speech. It is the plan to fill the jails there,” said C. L. Filigno, secretary of the local I.W.W., today.

“About 25 members of the local I. W. W. left last night for Missoula and 30 more left this morning. Members are also coming in from the surrounding small towns and from the camps, prepared to make the trip at any time.

“Some of the men who are going over are not even members of the organization. They are anxious to help in the fight for the “freedom of speech.”

“Make Loud Noise.”

A communication has been received by the local I. W. W. from Girley [sic] Flynn, who is now in jail, according to a late report. She vividly describes the conditions in the Missoula jail and tells of the assistance given her by an engineer of the forestry department, whose name she does not mention. 

The letter is, in part, as follows:

“The charge against us is disturbing the peace and making loud noises. The judge, Small, ruled out, as irrelevant, evidence showing that the Salvation Army made far more noise than we did

“The boys refused to pay the $10 fine, which was the alternative of jail, and refused to put up bonds, so stayed in jail all night. It is a filthy, dirty hole under the firehouse stable, where all the filthy excrement of the place pours down upon the prisoners.

“The man who stepped up last night was a civil engineer of the United States forestry service. He had heard us speak from his office and saw one arrest. He came down and inquired what was the trouble.

“When he was told, he stepped right up and said: ‘Ladies and gentlemen, I believe in free speech; I am a socialist; we fought for it in Seattle’–but he got no further, for he was nabbed. He stood absolutely pat today, refused to say he wouldn’t speak again and went to jail like a man. He [remaining text missing].

–The Daily Missoulian, Oct. 4, 1909 

(photo from LIbrary of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division, Washington, D.C.)